guide to literature
Michelle Fleetwood, PhD - Solutions
August 4, 2020
has a related
Check it out for
1. What is a Literature
2. Tools to help during the
3. Additional Resources
4. Live Demonstration
Clarivate in the Research
Workflow Web of Science
The world’s largest and highest
publisher-neutral citation index.
Journal Citation Reports
The world’s most influential and
trusted resource for evaluating
InCites Benchmarking &
Analytics Analyze institutional
productivity and benchmark your
output against peers worldwide.
Simplified submission workflows and
peer review for scholarly publishers
A smarter way to streamline
references and write collaboratively.
Fast, one-click access to millions of
high- quality research papers.
Supporting researchers through
documenting their peer-review and
journal editing contributions,
providing guidance and best practice
for the peer-review process, as well
as increasing the overall visibility of
their research and its impact.
One flow to let institutions collect,
manage, and report on all research
activity, working seamlessly with an
institutions existing systems.
Web of Science Author Connect
Reach leading researchers in the
social sciences, and arts and
Essential Science Indicators
Reveals emerging science trends
as well as influential individvuals,
institutions, papers, journals, and
categories of research.
Systematic vs. Literature
Review Systematic Review Literature Review
High-level overview of primary research on a focused
question that identifies, selects, synthesizes, and appraises
all high-quality research evidence relevant to that question
Qualitatively summarizes evidence on a topic using
informal or subjective methods to collect and interpret
Answers a focused clinical
question Eliminate bias
Provide summary or overview of topic
Clearly defined and answerable clinical
question Recommend using PICO as a
Can be a general topic or a specific question
Pre-specified eligibility criteria
Systematic search strategy
Assessment of the validity of
Interpretation and presentation of
# of Authors Three or more One or more
Timeline Months to years, Average eighteen months Weeks to months
Thorough knowledge of topic
Perform searches of all relevant databases
Statistical analysis resources (for meta-
Understanding of topic
Perform searches of one or more databases
Connects practicing clinicians to high quality
evidence Supports evidence-based practice
Provides summary of literature on the topic
Systematic Review Webinar
Literature reviews are a collection of the most relevant
and significant publications regarding that topic in
order to provide a comprehensive look at what has
been said on the topic and by whom.
The basic components of a literature review
a description of the publication
a summary of the publication’s main points
an evaluation of the publication’s contribution to the
identification of critical gaps, points of disagreement,
or potentially flawed methodology or theoretical
indicates potential directions for future research
Source: https://guides.library.ucsc.edu/write-a-literature-review 7
• An overview of the subject, issue
or theory under consideration,
along with the objectives of the
• Division of works under review into
categories (e.g. those in support of a
particular position, those against, and
those offering alternative theses
• Explanation of how each work is
similar to and how it varies from the
• Conclusions as to which pieces are
best considered in their argument,
are most convincing of their
opinions, and make the greatest
contribution to the understanding
clearly defining which topic or field is being examined
and what its main issues are
finding all materials relevant to the subject being
determining which literature makes a significant
contribution to the understanding of the topic
Analysis and interpretation
discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent
Write and publish
produce a formatted document that can get you
published in an appropriate journal to inform others of
Literature Search: Web of
Search Web of Science to track ideas across disciplines and time from over 1.7 billion
references from over 171 million records.
With Web of Science Core Collection search the top journals, conference proceedings,
and books in the sciences, social sciences, and arts and humanities to find the high quality
research most relevant to your area of interest.
Search Rules →
→ Sort Options
→ Wildcards →
An example of
Cast your net
wide but not
A more complex
Narrow the results of your search by using any of the
Refine Results options :
• Web of Science Categories (254 fields of research)
• Document Types (article, review, book, etc.)
• Publication Years
• Organization-Enhanced (Unified Organizations)
• Source Titles (journal, conference name, etc.)
• Funding Agencies
• Open Access (including type of Open Access)
• And more!
You can then also choose how to Sort your results by
newest, most cited, usage count, relevance, etc.
Explore the Citation Network | Backward & Forward
• Cited References – the research that a paper cites
• Times Cited – more recently published papers that cite the paper
• Related Records – papers which share at least one cited reference in common with the
paper. If they
share citations, they’re likely discussing similar topics.
It is particularly useful:
• Where keywords in the topic are not
easy to define
• Where older research needs to be traced
• When you need to see where a
research trend leads
Analyze Results Citation Report
Group and rank records in a results set by extracting
data values from a variety of fields. Find the most
prevalent authors in a field of study or generate a list of
institutions ranked by record count based on your search
The Citation Report provides aggregate citation statistics
for a set of search results.
Highly Cited / Hot Papers
Highly Cited and Hot Paper indicators put citation counts
into context. They take into account the field of research,
year of publication and document type, comparing ‘like
with like’. This information comes from our Essential
Citations take time to accrue, so they may not be the best
indicators of influence for recent publications. For this
reason we provide Usage Counts. Every time a Web of
Science user clicks a full text link or exports a record, the
record’s Usage Count is incremented. This provides an
indication of interest. 12
Viewing the Full Text to understand
To fully understand any publication you need to read it.
Web of Science has several built-in routes to access Full
Text. In addition you could add Kopernio to your browser
to leverage subscription services as well as Open
Open Access Status
Some reviews include an evaluation of Open Access,
others have a requirement to either include or exclude
Open Access publications. Web of Science has Open
Access version as a filter, so these types of evaluation
can be carried out.
Search Alerts - save a search and establish a daily, weekly or
monthly email notification when new publications are added
Searches can be re-run, which means results are repeatable.
You can also send your search methods to other Web of
In addition, there are two other types of Alerts:
Citation Alerts - have a favorite or important article you want to
track? We'll notify you when it receives new citations.
Table of Contents Alerts (Journal Alerts) - subscribers to our
Current Contents Connect database can set up TOC alerts
for their favorite journals all in one place.
Recent updates to Alerting in Web of Science
• All Database Alerting: Set one alert across all collections in your Web of Science subscription.
• One Click Access: Go directly to the Web of Science platform for ALL the records returned in your alert.
• Alerts are delivered directly to your email (or multiple email addresses, suitable for viewing on your mobile device).
Saving Searches & Creating Alerts (to keep up to
Use the Marked List to:
• Store your search results - it's not always
possible to finish your search in one session.
Marking records for your next visit to Web of
Science helps you pick up where you left off.
• Group articles together you want to analyze -
gather the perfect set of publications, then use
Analyze to understand trends across them, or
use Citation Report to reveal the articles that cite
• Create a custom set of items to export. There
are lots of export options - send to EndNote for
later use in writing a paper, print, email or even
InCites Benchmarking & Analytics for detailed
The Marked List page stores records selected
from your search results. After marking records,
you can save your Marked List and return to it
Save up to 50 Marked Lists with up to 50,000 records
per list. In order to save, you must be logged into your
Web of Science personal profile.
The relevant results can be exported to other
applications for further analysis or to cite in
Common options are to export to excel for
analysis and to EndNote (or another reference
management system) for citing. You can
choose how much metadata is exported by
selecting an option from the list.
Exporting your Results
Create groups and drag and
drop your references into them
or create automatic smart
groups and let EndNote take
care of this for you.
SEARCH EASILY Access
online resources within EndNote.
FIND FULL TEXT find and attach
PDFs to your references.
SHARE YOUR LIBRARY OR
collaborate with other EndNote users.
SYNC YOUR LIBRARY across
desktop, online, and iPad®.
VIEW AND ANNOTATE YOUR
Add sticky notes to your PDFs
and search for them later. Use
the built- in email functionality to
quickly share a reference and
its fi le attachments with others.
Useful questions at this stage include:
• What is the balance between description and comment?
• Have I missed out any important dimension of the argument, or
• Have I supported the development of each step in my argument
• Is the material presented in the most effective order?
• Are there places where the reader is left with unanswered questions?
• Is every element of my research question supported by the
• Have I explained to the reader the relevance of each piece of
• Is there any material that is interesting, but which does not contribute
development of the argument?
• Have I explained adequately the justification for this
• Are my references up to date?
• How effective is my linking of all the elements?
Writing the literature
Using EndNote’s Cite
While You Write, you
can instantly insert
references and format
writing your review in
7,000+ styles are
available, plus you
can create your
Collaborate with others
by sharing your library.
FIND AND SELECT CITATIONS
insert them into your manuscript.
REFORMAT YOUR ENTIRE
and bibliography with one click.
EDIT CITATIONS to add information such as a page
number or remove a reference from a group of
Publishing your Literature
EndNote returns a list of possible
journal Matches, based on title,
abstract and references.
Manuscript Matcher provides the
following information for the resulting
• Match Score
• JCR Impact Factor
• Journal title
• JCR category
• Rank in Category
• Quartile in Category
• Link to journal’s website
• Links to publish
Compare your options and
start the submission process
Publishing your Literature
Use Journal Citation Reports
to compare journals you might
Journal Citation Reports (JCR)
provides detailed journal metrics
in the Web of Science Core
Use these metrics to make an
informed decision on which
journal to submit your
% Articles in
Items: If this is
0% the journal
is focused on
reviews, if it is
100% they do
JCR 2020 Now Available
Publishing your Literature
The Master Journal List provides
plenty of useful information too
The Master Journal List provides
detailed information on journals in the
Web of Science.
Useful information includes Open
status, including APC fees.
There is also valuable information on a
journal’s review process, like whether
they operate ‘blind’ or ‘double blind’
It also provides the average time
from submission to publication.
Master Journal List